How To Play The Accelerated Dragon: Beginner’s Breakdown

Chess Openings / By Andrew Hercules

The Accelerated Dragon of the Sicilian Defense begins with the moves 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6

The Accelerated Dragon

This variation is very closely linked to the Dragon in that the f8-bishop is fianchettoed along the h8-a1 diagonal, and often the two variations transpose into each other. The main difference is that Black chooses to fianchetto earlier and leaves his d7-pawn at home.

In some variations this can prove to be advantageous to Black. In the Dragon Black often tried to engineer a …d6-d5 break. In the Accelerated Dragon, Black can aim for an immediate …d7-d5, thus effectively gaining an extra tempo. It’s certainly within White’s interests to prevent such an occurrence as this usually gives Black a very comfortable game.

The main disadvantage the accelerated version has over the Dragon proper is that there is no early pressure on the e4-pawn with …Nf6. This means that White can dispense with an early Nc3 and create the ‘Maroczy Bind’ with c2-c4.

If you have played the Maroczy Bind you know that it can leave White with a lasting space advantage and how it virtually rules out the …d7-d5 break. Nevertheless, the Accelerated Dragon is still a very solid option for Black, who keeps a resilient pawn structure.

NOTE: The Maroczy Bind makes it very difficult for Black to achieve

the …d6-d5 break.

Mainline Of The Accelerated Dragon

 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.c4

Setting up the Maroczy Bind. White now has a vice-like grip on the important d5-square.

5…Bg7 6.Be3

Protecting the knight on d4.

6…Nf6 7.Nc3 0-0

Another idea for Black is 7…Ng4!?, answering 8.Qxg4 with 8.Nxd4. Here White should deal with the double threat of …Nc2+ and d7-d5 with 9.Qd1.

8 Be2 d6 9 0-0 Bd7

Black plans to exchange knights on d4 and then place this bishop on c6, attacking the e4-pawn.

10.Qd2 Nxd4 11.Bxd4 Be6 12.f3 a5

Gaining space on the queenside. Black prepares to follow up with …a5-a4 and …Qa5.


A prophylactic move. Now …a5-a4 can be met by b3-b4 and it’s White who gains space on the queenside.


Offering the exchange of bishops.


Of course, White could also capture on g7, but most experts agree that it’s better to retain these bishops on the board.

Strategies in the Accelerated Dragon

White will ‘sit’ with his space advantage, slowly waiting for a chance to create a weakness in the black camp. After moving his rook from a1, White may at some point move the c3-knight into the d5-square.

Normally Black will not be able to tolerate the knight for too long and will either capture it with the light-squared bishop or force it back with …e7-e6, the latter possibility leaving Black with a potentially weak d6-pawn.

Black’s ideas include …Nc5, …Qb6 and …Rfc8, trying to create some counterplay on the queenside. Often the play will revolve around White trying to push the knight away with a timely b3-b4.

Theory in the Accelerated Dragon

The Maroczy Bind lines are not very theoretical and can be played very much on general principles. The positions are not sharp and a small mistake is unlikely to meet with severe punishment. The lines without c2-c4, however, are more theoretical

it’s wise for both players to read up.


The Accelerated Dragon has never been quite as popular as the mainline Dragon, probably because Black reaches a slightly passive, if somewhat solid, position in the Maroczy Bind variations.

I found over 15,000 examples in Mega Database, with White scoring 52%. At the highest level (the top 1,000 encounters), White scores 56%. Significantly, though, more than half these games were drawn, underlining the resilience of the Accelerated Dragon.

Related Post: How to play the Sicilian Dragon

Andrew Hercules

Hercules Chess, launched in 2020, is a website that teaches you about chess. We started as a chess blog and became a chess training platform in early 2022.

Related Posts:

Sicilian Grand Prix Attack Chess Opening

Sicilian Grand Prix Attack Chess Opening

By Andrew Hercules

The Sicilian Grand Prix Attack chess opening begins with the moves: 1.e4 c5 2 Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 White prepares to play in a similar manner to the f4 lines of the Closed Sicilian, the major difference being that White will be looking to develop his fl-bishop more actively on c4 or b5. The Grand Prix […]

How To Play The Sicilian Four Knights Chess Opening

How To Play The Sicilian Four Knights Chess Opening

By Andrew Hercules

The Four Knights Variation of the Sicilian Defense begins with the moves: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6 There are at least two other systems in the Sicilian where all four knights are developed very quickly (the Classical and the Sveshnikov), but it’s this particular variation which is known in chess […]

Closed Sicilian Chess Opening

Closed Sicilian Chess Opening

By Andrew Hercules

The Closed Sicilian chess opening begins with the moves: 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 The Closed Sicilian leads to positions which are just that …closed! Pawn exchanges in the opening and early middlegame are rare and both sides slowly manoeuvre behind their pawn structures. White’s second move is to prevent Black from playing an early […]

So what are you waiting for?

Sign Up Now